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部门管理问题及建议专家称我们连上网6小时

发布时间:2019-05-14 19:43:59

1 : 专家称我们连上6小时 建议及时看心理门诊

昨日上午,在华中师大2009年世界精神卫生日宣扬活动上,该校心理专家指出:大学生连续上超过6个小时的,应及时找心理专家寻觅缘由.

昨日是第18个世界精神卫生日,卫生部将2009年中国精神文明宣扬主题肯定为“络使用应有度,科学公道才健康”.在咨询活动中,心理咨询专家、该 校大学生心理咨询中心主任汪海燕教授表示,络依赖或成瘾不但会影响大学生个体的健康成长,也会影响到其身旁同学的成长,同时会由于通宵上彻夜不归等 引发安全等问题.

她建议,如果大学生上超过6个小时还不能下来,或离不开络,就要到心理咨询中心或心理门诊向专家咨询,了解缘由,找到办法,尽快让自己脱离瘾的危害.

该校素质教育中心主任陶宏开认为:大学生瘾已成普遍现象,但目前教育部门和高校的重视程度依然不够.他呼吁有关部门和高校尽快组织气力对大学生瘾问题进行调查研究,找到大学生瘾的缘由,制定科学的诊断标准,拿出切实可行的医治办法.

2 : 马化腾建议成立互联管理调和部门

3月28日下午消息,百度CEO李彦宏、腾讯CEO马化腾本日出席深圳IT峰会对话环节时提及互联监管问题,李彦宏对监管表示出理解,马化腾则表示希望成立互联管理调和部门,这样能够更好的与互联产业进行接触。

李彦宏表示,互联之所以这些年发展还不错,主要缘由就是政府干预比较少,初也没有那末多支持,但是也没有那末多干预。不过李彦宏表示对监管非常的理解,现在监管更加严格和规范也是很自然的事情。

比如我在上看到骂我的帖子已很习惯了,已没有什么感觉了。但是很多人不1定看到骂他的帖子也那末高兴,这方面有1个适应的进程。再过1段时间我相信不论是被监管的人还是监管的人也好,都会感觉舒服1些。李彦宏说。

马化腾对李彦宏观点表示赞同,他认为互联企业需要了解中国国情和现状,互联不加管理的话,会有许多不良信息,但是监管有很多方法,需要找到平衡点。腾讯支持渐进的可延续的监管方式,不是就事论事只讲利弊这么简单。

马化腾同时流露1直跟政府有关部门提出建议,看是不是能够把跟互联有关的各部委智能抽调出来,专门统1成立1个调和局或调和部门,这样双方能够有比较好的接触。

现在各方理解不1,我们也在1点点推动,相信马云也有很多感受,要见的领导也是非常多,这方面我们希望1起推动,国外有些这样的案例,能够把智能抽调出来,这是1个分享。

3 : 为什么我不建议作者回复读者提的心理问题?

文:廖玮雯丨壹心理专栏作家

如果我是1名作家,那我没法为你解决心理问题。

和我1起写作的朋友交换,他们说到,很多读者一样也会在他们的后台提问,严肃些的,是关于人生意义的问题,简单些的,是关于感情上,生活上,工作上的烦恼,他们有时会去截图给我(藏匿姓名),然后问我,这些问题应当如何回答?

问题多为两难问题,婚该不该离,职该不该辞,恋爱要不要继续……,还有,上来就痛诉“过往经历”的,有时还会分条发送,瞬间后台就被1段惨重故事刷屏……

朋友问我,很想帮他,也许我们和他聊聊会好1些,可是,我又太忙,你说我该怎样言简意赅地去回答这些问题,然后在不影响我工作的情况下,对他们有所助益呢?

对此,我的回答会是:1般而言,说明理由,不再回复。

你怎样能这么冷漠这么无情这么没有人性这么没有的担当?热情的作者和恳切的读者可要生气啦。

为何我说不要回复?由于——回复无用。很多心理咨询师兼作家的朋友在公众号、微博上都是这么做的,就让我来好好说说缘由。

1是没有这个精力。

我们知道,当1个读者提出问题的时候,1定是满怀希望的,期待你能帮他“给点意见,乃至是做个决定,然后让他得以脱离苦海”。这个问题常常是他纠结已久了的,所以,这些问题的固着点通常都不在于他问的这个问题上。

甚么意思?它绝不像普通的问题,比方让你推荐几本书、推荐1个饭馆这么简单。

心理问题就像海上漂浮的冰山1样,他问你的,只是露出海面的那个尖尖,而要真正去处理这段经历带来的创伤,或触及问题的核心,乃至尝试解决问题,得到成长,就必须去处理这座冰山。

举个例子,她问你婚该不该离?

你说该,她会说舍不得孩子,年纪大了怕孤独,而且父母亲朋强烈反对……,你说不该,她会说和他在1起好痛苦,没法再去忍耐这样1段冷漠、无爱、孤独、无望的关系……

暂且不谈我们能否应用“真诚”、“聆听”、“尊重”、“无条件积极关注”等心理咨询技术去认真凝听1个故事,同时不断澄清问题,明确问题方向,去让发问的人对自己的真实想法有所觉察;提个要求,你本事心地去听完全个故事的来龙去脉,就已需要耗费大量的时间和精力,常常这就不是你所能承受得了的。

而且,对没有经过专业训练的人而言,容易在凝听中失去耐心,作者作为1个普通的人,你在自己的生活和工作中已有许多问题需要处理,而且,写作本身非常辛苦,所以,作为1名作者常常没有办法静下心来,花大量的时间和精力去陪伴后台这么多的读者面对他们所面对心理问题,除非你是为了得到写作素材,但这完全谈不上是心理治疗,如果逼迫自己委曲为之,常常会无功而返,乃至会对双方造成2次伤害。

所以,我给作者的意见是如果只是去和读者随便聊聊,你有时间,没有问题,但是面对心理问题,常常会让你力不从心,终究致使“两败俱伤”,不欢而散的结局。

2是没有这个技术。

如果完全不懂心理咨询,和他对谈有无可能对他有所帮助?

答案是有,但是仅限于简单的陪伴,就像1个闺蜜所做的那样,但是,这类凝听与陪伴的作用是有限的,大多数的心理问题需要专业的技术去解决。

比方心理咨询有个原则,叫做保持中立,如果你没有经过培训学习,就对1个人的心理问题进行解答,1般而言,会去根据自己的人生经验给出意见,这样通常是无效的,由于,人生经验具有局限性,而每一个人却那末特别,另外,你极可能堕入“移情”,这是心理咨询师也要努力去克服的现象,1般的人爱憎好恶分明,这样就会有失偏颇,难以站在客观的角度去看问题。

心理咨询还有1个原则,叫做不包办代替,甚么意思?就是不去为访客做任何决定,你若应用人生经验去解答具体问题,通常已对问题有所指向,但是这个答案常常其实不合适所有的人。

有人会问,我喜欢这个作者的文章,我觉得他说得很有道理,所以,我有很多问题就想问他,我听他的。

问题就在这里,事实上,我们喜欢1个作者,特别是“心灵鸡汤”作者,常常是由于他的文章说到了我们的心田里,我们觉得他说得对,说得好,由于我们本来就是这么想的,所以我们爱看,爱听,这可能在你迷茫的时候有些抚慰和熨帖,可是,这其实不能真正解决你的问题,特别是你的心理问题。

解决心理问题,需要个体去认清自己,去承当,重要的,是去做出改变,改变意味着修正乃至颠覆从前的认识和观念,意味着要去经历放弃与演变,意味着痛苦,意味着先要“作茧自缚”,随后才有可能“破茧成蝶”。

你喜欢的文章,其实不具有这些个功能。

做心理咨询时,我们首先需要聆听、真诚、尊重,无条件地积极关注,去了解来访者的各个方面的情况,不同理论流派的心理咨询师会有不同的解决方案,就拿该不该离为例,精神动力学的取向会去探访她的童年经历,存在主义心理治疗理论取向会去想方设法让她学会承当自己的,认知行动疗法会去深入探究她的认知思惟模式,并教她学会新的认知模式。家庭系统排列会将家庭成员间的关系导入进来讨论……

固然,具体问题处理起来肯定没有那末简单,这除需要大量的时间和大量的精力之外,还需要心理咨询师过硬的业务能力和精深的咨询技术,只有这样,才能对她所助益。

所以,在技术上,1个写作者没法担当这个重担。

,我想谈谈我的意见。

如果我是1个作者身份,我只要去好好写好文章,表达我的观点,写作可以寻求有趣、好玩;也能探讨人性、智慧;谈人生意义,谈生存价值都没问题,去让文字散发出它的美感和气力就好。

至于1些超出职责和能力范围之外的事,确切没有必要为此花费时间精力却又费劲而不讨好。和读者可以成为朋友,但是没有必要成为心理咨询师,除非你确切对这个行业很有兴趣,愿意努力学习不断历练,那么去让自己变得专业以后再来1试。

作为读者,在喜欢的作者的文章里找到自己想要的知识和气力,或纵情地去享受浏览的快感和乐趣就好,至于自己的心理问题,真的没有人能够给你提供正确答案,这个答案需要你自己去寻觅,需要你自己去承担。

所以,不要希望1名作者能够为你解决个人心理问题,如果自己确切扛不过去,就去找个真正合适自己的心理咨询师,这样才是勇于承当的1种表现。

壹心理专栏 · 玮夫雯斯基

作者:廖玮雯,心理咨询师,曾出版随笔《没必要讨好世界,且让自己欢乐》。

专栏简介:「玮夫雯斯基」在各种地方说过很多话,写过很多字,之前觉得对错参半,现在愈发不敢笃定,人生在世,妄语太多,开口即错,如若非得让我在这诸多胡说八道中挑选1句,我选:认得请自己,付得起代价。往后我说的,写的,你听了,悟或惑,对或错,全都不赖我。

更多文章可关注号:wfwsj1986,约稿、咨询请联系:weifuwensiji@

4 : 15部电影影评及问题

“The Shawshank Redemption” Review

Splendid Lines:

1. Remember, Hope is a good thing, maybe the best of things and no good thing ever dies!

2. I guess it comes down to a simple choice: get busy living or get busy dying.

3. These walls are kind of funny like that. First you hate them, then you get used to them.

Enough time passed, get so you depend on them. That?s institutionalized.

This film describes that a man who named Andy was erroneous judged to be in the prison for many years. Though the ture reality is that he is innoncent for he didn?t kill his wife and his rival in love, but there was no way for him to set him he began to involve himself in he is so professional in Bank management ,so the Warden let him to do the money laundering for did this and brings physical award for his nally, he tried his best to make holes which leads to the outside and successfully went ere are many meaningful point that deserves us to see,but the point that impressed me most is a saying that “These wall are kind of funny like that:First you hate them,then you get used to them,enough time passed,get so you depend on at'sinstitutionalizing”

Yes,maybe in addition to praising the courage,this film also tells us what the institutionalizing trully our society,we are all live in an institutionalizing world,we try to make ourself so perfect to suit the so-called institutions,we forget our dream,we surrender to the so-called reality,maybe we are not trully in the prison,but just think about ourself,what would the difference be?

So,if you don?t want yourself like the old Brooks,then just change rst,be st like what is said in the film”Hope is a good thing,maybe the best of things and no good things ever dies.”Secondly,be u must be stronger enough to face the evil ,just like Andy,who was never give up to resist to the bad irdly,be you want to be a success,then you must down to the earth,and try your best to reach the ideal destination step by a word,Anything is possible,it all depends on you and your mind.

Question:

at do you think of the institutionalization and can you give an example of such institutionalization in our real life?

ve you ever though that for what reason that the name of this film is not as the Andy?s Redemption but the Shawshank?s Redemption?

The Pursuit of Happiness

Splendid Lines:

1. Don't ever let somebody tell you you can't do something, not even me.

2. You got a dream, you gotta protect it. People can't do something themselves,they wanna tell

you you can't do you want something, go get it. Period.

3. Chris Gardner:You have a dream, you got to protect it.

This film is recomposed by a true story,the hero in reality is Chris Gardner,who is the most eminent investment a bachelordom father, he can not solve his subsistence problem for a time. In the most difficul time, Gardner have no choice but to bring his whole property, carry the diaper with one hand and push the Baby carriage with the other hand,then go to the hospice for homeless people. If they can?t get a chance to live in the hospice,then he and his son must go to the park or the subway toilet to stay ough the situation is so hard,but he never give nally,due to his persistence,he became a prominent financial investor.

But for me,after watching it ,there is always a question in my head,that is why our Chinese translate the title of this film as ?When the happiness knock your door?, that is because I do believe that the happiness will never knock somebody?s door unless you pursue it with your the film,the men who knock Chris?s door are his divorced wife,the police who are going to take him away,and the landlord to press for payment of t most of the time,he even hadn?t have a house,not even the e only thing he owe is his dear son,and the t he never gave up pursuing the happiness,just like he said to his son “Don?t let somebody tell you,you can?t do t even u got a dream,you gotta protect ople can?t do something themselves,they wanna tell you you can?t do you want something, go get riod.”

So ladies and gentlemen,the so-called happiness is just in front of you,if you want to have it ,just go and jump for eam isn?t that far if you still have the strengh to just come on and do it for your brightful future.

Question:

1. I have heard that our Chinese translate this film?s name as when the hapiness knocks you door,do you agree with such translation?Why?

all know that when Chris was in the most difficult times, he still wasn?t willing to give her son to his mother for raising, but in our Chinese?s mind, most of us think that if you love a person,then give him the best,then how do you think Chris?s desicion,do you agree with him?

Forrest Gump

Splendid Lines:

1. Life was like a box of chocolates, you never know what you?re gonna get.

2. It's my time. It's just my time. Oh, now, don't you be afraid sweetheart. Death is just a part of

life, something we're all destined to do. I didn't know it. But I was destined to be your

momma. I did the best I could.

3. You are no different than anybody else is.

At the beginning of the ?Forrest Gump?, there was several feathers fluttered away in the wind,sometimes it floated down ,and sometimes it was blowed in the ybe the feather is just like our?s whole life,we are all go with the stream in most of our life, there is no specific

direction,and it is so insipid that we even get tired of wever, if we just turn around and think things in a different way, we may find that something that we can control by ourselves and the only thing we need to do is just try our best,we can?t always weigh how much we can obtain,how much we will lose then you will fly higher and higher and you will find that the highest place is the nearest place that near to the heaven,just like Forrest Gump,his success is everything but accient.

He can success,that is because he kept his word,he promised his battle companion to buy a shrimp boat and he did it;He can success,that is because he is clinging,so he runed for three year after Jenney left him and cross througth all the American; He can success,that is because he is so kindful, he just use his kind to let the lieutenant become maybe forrest gump is not so clever but he also lost a lot but he never become depressed by this,he always know how to let the life full of hope.

So for us ,we must know,no matter what happened in your life,we should alway believe in ourselves and know that we can do it,then try our best to finish and we can finally be st like the mother of Forrest Gump said,I just told myself,when I do something, I will do my best to

finish if ,just like I am your mommy, this is a thing that I can?t choose, God give you to me , my kids, I must try my best to be you good mother and I do the attitude we should hold is just do our best and go foward then the whole world will open a road for us.

Question:

w do you think of the Forrest Gump?s success,do you think that it is come from an accident?Why? at can you learn from this film?

?Avatar?

Splendid Lines:

1. I see you!

2. They can take whatever they want.

3. And that this, this is our land!

'Avatar' is not just a film. Yes the view in it is really beautiful, charming, amazing, wonderful...I can use hundreds of words to discribe what I saw. The film has someting in common with the USA history. The Na'vi people live on the planet called Pandora, seems like the Indian people who used to live on the America continent. They first welcomed the new guys who came to settled on the new land. They gave them food, provide them with warm clothing, and taught them the living skills, including how to hunt, how to build house... But soon everything changed. The settlers became robbers. They robbed many things of the Indians, and treated them badly, even began to drive them out of their living places. The Indians became homeless. What a shame! The new settlers treated their benedactor in such a crul way. How coldblood they were.

In this film, the charactors were just changed. The Americans are changed into human beings, and the local Indians turn into the Na'vi people on the Pandora. They begin to rob again. They, or I should say 'we' are miserly. We have already damaged too much on the earth. The environment has been destroyed, the water has been wasted, the air has been polluted, the forest has been cut, millions of animals have been killed and we can never see them again. But fortunately, the soldier realized that he was wrong and he realize the human?s greedy and hegemony , so he organized the Navi to fight against the human by using his intelligence.

Maybe for us, we are all humans, but when we saw this film,I think most of us are more likely wanting that the Navis could win,that is because they are so innocent and kindly to us, but we humans are so ruthless to them, maybe for us ,we are getting too much from the nature and its just this film that are trying to tell us, Just wake up, we human beings, be kind to the nature and learn how to tread everything equally.

Question:

this film,the Navi?s image is a blue person with a long pigtail,we all know that the long pigtail is mirror from our China,but it is always recognized as the old things by our Chinese,but in the eyes of the America,they use it for innovation and get a huge success,then how do you think of it ?

all know that as soon as this film was been broadcasted,there were so many people that are fond of it,then where do you think is the most attractive point in this film?

2012

Splendid Lines:

1. That's my father! We must wait for him!

2. My fellow americans, this is the last time I talk to you, the disaster will come and our country

and the world will perish, I hope I can tell you, we have the ability to resist the disaster, but we don't have today, we will family into the common, although we may believe the different, but I believe my words, which can represent all the mind, may god bless us.

3. No matter what happens, we have been together!

When the end of the world is coming, what will you do?Stay right here or escape for

somewhere? Maybe for some of us, we even have never thought this question,but if you suddenly saw the film ?2012?,maybe you will be more thoughtful.

The film 2012 tells a breathtaking story that everything on the earth is destroyed in the year 2012,and people?s are all trying to escape but still only a small number of human beings survive from the doomsday.

In my opinion, this is a powerful film, and it just make us think a ully,if we are in a situation just like it happend in the film,what should we do?Will we inform other people of the upcoming disaster?Will we escape first without considering other people?s lives?Will we abandon our family,our friends even our nation?But for me, I just saw that even nowadays we are appealing equality, but no matter in the films or in reality, there aways exists unequality. Before the disaster?s coming, the first group of people that can survive or the government want to save is that kind of nobility, greater scholar,or the scientist. Yes, they may be smarter than the normal people, but is the life of the intelligence more important than the common people?For me I don?t think so, I

think that all men are created equal,maybe in this aspect, you are superier than others,but maybe in other aspect, you may not as good as others, so for us , we must know that we are same as

everyone,there is no reason for someone to let us down. Trully, this film is not aimed to tell us this, and I also learns from this film about love, responsibility, forgiveness and so on.

The other aspect the film is trying to tell us is environment. Why the end of the world will come? Is it just for the natural reason?Or we should think for ourselves,is it just our humans deed that cause the disaster?Just look at our earth carefuly, we have done so much damage to it. So ladies and gentlemen, just from this moment, begin from myself and protect our environment and the situation that happened in this film will be aways as a film and never be a reality.

Question:

all know that this film is a disaster film,but behind it ,it leave a lot for us to meditate,then what can you associate with it?

this movie,which shot that impress you deepest?

Roman Holiday

Splendid Lines:

1. Joe:Well,life isn?t always what one likes,isn?t it?

2. Each in its own way was unforgettable. It would be difficult to …Rome. By all

means, Rome. I will cherish my visit here in memory, as long as I live!

3. Now, I have to leave I walk to the corner, and turn to promise me, don't see me,

drive away and leave me as I leave you.

After watching this movie,I was astonished by their responsible deed, it describes a pretty princess who get rid of the chains from the royal house and meet a beautiful love with Joe. It is natural for us to think that they will be together and lead a happy live just like the story of the Snow t unexpectly, the end presented to us is that Ann went back to her upperclass and be the princess,that means they will never be together. A fairy tail just finished but what left to us is not only griefness but deep meditation.

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